1. GRE 단어 리스트
  2. GRE 퀴즈
  3. SAT 단어 리스트
  4. SAT 퀴즈

SAT Word List


  1. abase: to humble; disgrace
  2. abandon: total lack of inhibition
  3. abate: decrease, reduce
  4. abdicate: to give up a position, right, or power
  5. aberration: something different from the usual
  6. abet: to aid; act as accomplice
  7. abhor: to loathe, detest
  8. abject: miserable, pitiful
  9. abolitionist: one who opposes the practice of slavery
  10. abortive: interrupted while incomplete
  11. abridge: to condense, shorten
  12. abrogate: to put an end to, abolish by authority
  13. abscond: to depart secretly
  14. absolve: to forgive, free from blame
  15. abstain: to choose not to do something
  16. accolade: praise, distinction
  17. accrue: to accumulate, grow by additions
  18. acerbic: bitter, sharp in taste or temper
  19. acme: highest point; summit
  20. acquiesce: to agree; comply quietly
  21. acrid: harsh, bitter
  22. acrimony: bitterness, animosity
  23. acuity: sharpness
  24. acumen: sharpness of insight
  25. adage: old saying or proverb
  26. adamant: uncompromising, unyielding
  27. adapt: to accommodate; adjust
  28. adhere: to cling or follow without deviation
  29. adjacent: next to
  30. admonish: to caution or reprimand
  31. adroit: skillful, accomplished, highly competent
  32. adulation: high praise
  33. adumbrate: to sketch, outline in a shadowy way
  34. adversarial: antagonistic, competitive
  35. aerie: nook or nest built high in the air
  36. aesthetic: pertaining to beauty or art
  37. affable: friendly, easy to approach
  38. affected: pretentious, phony
  39. affluent: rich, abundant
  40. affront: personal offense, insult
  41. agenda: plan, schedule
  42. agile: well coordinated, nimble
  43. agitation: commotion, excitement; uneasiness
  44. agrarian: relating to farming or rural matters
  45. alacrity: cheerful willingness, eagerness; speed
  46. alias: assumed name
  47. alienated: distanced, estranged
  48. allegory: symbolic representation
  49. alleviate: to relieve, improve partially
  50. allure: to entice by charm; attract
  51. allusion: indirect reference
  52. aloof: detached, indifferent
  53. altruism: unselfish concern for others' welfare
  54. ambiguous: uncertain; subject to multiple interpretations
  55. ambivalence: attitude of uncertainty; conflicting emotions
  56. ameliorate: to make better, improve
  57. amenable: agreeable, cooperative
  58. amend: to improve or correct flaws in
  59. amenity: pleasantness; something increasing comfort
  60. amiable: friendly, pleasant, likable
  61. amicable: friendly, agreeable
  62. amoral: unprincipled, unethical
  63. amorphous: having no definite form
  64. amphibian: creature equally at home on land or in water
  65. ample: abundant, plentiful
  66. amulet: ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits
  67. anachronistic: outdated
  68. anarchy: absence of government or law; chaos
  69. anathema: ban, curse; something shunned or disliked
  70. animation: enthusiasm, excitement
  71. animosity: hatred, hostility
  72. annul: to cancel, nullify, declare void, or make legally invalid
  73. anomaly: irregularity or deviation from the norm
  74. anonymity: condition of having no name or an unknown name
  75. antagonist: foe, opponent, adversary
  76. antecedent: coming before in place or time
  77. anthology: collection of literary works
  78. antipathy: dislike, hostility; extreme opposition or aversion
  79. antiquated: outdated, obsolete
  80. antiquity: ancient times; the quality of being old
  81. antithesis: exact opposite or direct contrast
  82. apathy: lack of feeling or emotion
  83. aphorism: old saying or short, pithy statement
  84. apocryphal: not genuine; fictional
  85. apostate: one who renounces a religious faith
  86. appease: to satisfy, placate, calm, pacify
  87. approbation: praise; official approval
  88. appropriate: to take possesion of
  89. arable: suitable for cultivation
  90. arbitrary: depending solely on individual will; inconsistent
  91. arboreal: relating to trees; living in trees
  92. arcane: secret, obscure, known only to a few
  93. archaic: antiquated, from an earlier time; outdated
  94. archipelago: large group of islands
  95. ardent: passionate, enthusiastic, fervent
  96. arduous: extremely difficult, laborious
  97. arid: extremely dry or deathly boring
  98. arsenal: ammunition storehouse
  99. articulate: well spoken, expressing oneself clearly
  100. artisan: craftsperson; expert
  101. ascend: to rise or climb
  102. ascetic: self-denying, abstinent, austere
  103. ashen: resembling ashes; deathly pale
  104. askew: crooked, tilted
  105. aspersion: false rumor, damaging report, slander
  106. aspire: to have great hopes; to aim at a goal
  107. assail: to attack, assault
  108. assiduous: diligent, persistent, hard-working
  109. assuage: to make less severe, ease, relieve
  110. astringent: harsh, severe, stern
  111. astute: having good judgment
  112. atone: to make amends for a wrong
  113. atrocious: monstrous, shockingly bad, wicked
  114. attain: to accomplish, gain
  115. attenuate: to make thin or slender; weaken
  116. audacious: bold, daring, fearless
  117. audible: capable of being heard
  118. augment: to expand, extend
  119. augury: prophecy, prediction of events
  120. august: dignified, awe inspiring, venerable
  121. auspicious: having favorable prospects, promising
  122. austere: stern, strict, unadorned
  123. authoritarian: extremely strict, bossy
  124. autocrat: dictator
  125. avarice: greed
  126. avenge: to retaliate, take revenge for an injury or crime
  127. aver: to declare to be true, affirm
  128. aversion: intense dislike
  129. avert: to turn (something) away; prevent, hinder
  130. aviary: large enclosure housing birds
  131. awry: crooked, askew, amiss


  1. baleful: harmful, with evil intentions
  2. ballad: folk song, narrative poem
  3. balm: soothing, healing influence
  4. banal: trite, overly common
  5. bane: something causing death, destruction, or ruin
  6. banter: playful conversation
  7. bastion: fortification, stronghold
  8. bay: to bark, especially in a deep prolonged way
  9. beguile: to deceive, mislead; charm
  10. behemoth: huge creature
  11. belabor: to insist repeatedly or harp on
  12. belie: to misrepresent; expose as false
  13. bellicose: warlike, aggressive
  14. belligerent: hostile, tending to fight
  15. benefactor: someone giving aid or money
  16. beneficent: kindly, charitable; doing good deeds; producing good effects
  17. benighted: unenlightened
  18. benign: kindly, gentle, or harmless
  19. bequeath: to give or leave through a will; to hand down
  20. berate: to scold harshly
  21. beseech: to beg, plead, implore
  22. bestial: beastly, animal-like
  23. bias: prejudice, slant
  24. bibliography: list of books
  25. bisect: to cut into two (usually equal) parts
  26. blanch: to pale; take the color out of
  27. blandish: to coax with flattery
  28. blasphemous: cursing, profane, irreverent
  29. blatant: glaring, obvious, showy
  30. blight: to afflict, destroy
  31. boisterous: rowdy, loud, unrestrained
  32. bombastic: using high-sounding but meaningless language
  33. boor: crude person, one lacking manners or taste
  34. botanist: scientist who studies plants
  35. bovine: cowlike; relating to cows
  36. brazen: bold, shameless, impudent; of or like brass
  37. broach: to mention or suggest for the first time
  38. burgeon: to sprout or flourish
  39. burnish: to polish, make smooth and bright
  40. buttress: to reinforce or support


  1. cacophony: jarring, unpleasant noise
  2. cajole: to flatter, coax, persuade
  3. callous: thick-skinned, insensitive
  4. callow: immature, lacking sophistication
  5. candor: honesty of expression
  6. canny: smart; founded on common sense
  7. capitulate: to submit completely, surrender
  8. capricious: impulsive, whimsical, without much thought
  9. caricature: exaggerated portrait, cartoon
  10. cartography: science or art of making maps
  11. castigate: to punish, chastise, criticize severely
  12. catalyst: something causing change without being changed
  13. catholic: universal; broad and comprehensive
  14. caucus: smaller group within an organization; a meeting of such a group
  15. caustic: biting, sarcastic; able to burn
  16. cede: to surrender possession of something
  17. censorious: severely critical
  18. cessation: temporary or complete halt
  19. chagrin: shame, embarrassment, humiliation
  20. champion: to defend or support
  21. chaotic: extremely disorderly
  22. charlatan: quack, fake
  23. chary: watchful, cautious, extremely shy
  24. chastise: to punish, discipline, scold
  25. chide: to scold, express disapproval
  26. chromatic: relating to color
  27. circuitous: roundabout
  28. circumference: boundary or distance around a circle or sphere
  29. circumscribe: to encircle; set limits on, confine
  30. circumspect: cautious, wary
  31. citadel: fortress or stronghold
  32. civil: polite; relating to citizens
  33. clairvoyant: having ESP, psychic
  34. clamor: to make a noisy outcry; a noisy outcry
  35. clandestine: secretive, concealed for a darker purpose
  36. clemency: merciful leniency
  37. cloister: to confine, seclude
  38. coalesce: to grow together or cause to unite as one
  39. coddle: to baby, treat indulgently
  40. coerce: to compel by force or intimidation
  41. cogent: logically forceful, compelling, convincing
  42. coherent: intelligible, lucid, understandable
  43. collateral: accompanying
  44. colloquial: characteristic of informal speech
  45. collusion: collaboration, complicity, conspiracy
  46. commensurate: proportional
  47. commodious: roomy, spacious
  48. communicable: transmittable
  49. commute: to change a penalty to a less severe one
  50. compensate: to repay or reimburse
  51. complacent: self-satisfied, smug
  52. complement: to complete, perfect
  53. compliant: submissive and yielding
  54. complicity: knowing partnership in wrongdoing
  55. compunction: feeling of uneasiness caused by guilt or regret
  56. concave: curving inward
  57. concede: to yield, admit
  58. conciliatory: overcoming distrust or hostility
  59. concur: to agree
  60. condone: to pardon or forgive; overlook, justify, or excuse a fault
  61. conduit: tube, pipe, or similar passage
  62. conflagration: big, destructive fire
  63. confound: to battle, perplex
  64. congeal: to become thick or solid, as a liquid freezing
  65. congenial: similar in tastes and habits
  66. conglomerate: collected group of varied things
  67. conjecture: speculation, prediction
  68. conscientious: governed by conscience; careful and thorough
  69. consecrate: to declare sacred; dedicate to a goal
  70. consensus: unanimity, agreement of opinion or attitude
  71. consolation: something providing comfort or solace for a loss or hardship
  72. consolidate: to combine, incorporate
  73. constrained: forced, compelled; confined, restrained
  74. construe: to explain or interpret
  75. contentious: quarrelsome, disagreeable, belligerent
  76. continence: self-control, self-restraint
  77. contravene: to contradict, deny, act contrary to
  78. contrite: deeply sorrowful and repentant for a wrong
  79. conundrum: riddle, puzzle or problem with no solution
  80. convalescence: gradual recovery after an illness
  81. convene: to meet, come together, assemble
  82. conventional: typical, customary, commonplace
  83. convex: curved outward
  84. convoluted: twisted, complicated, involved
  85. copious: abundant, plentiful
  86. corpulence: obesity, fatness, bulkiness
  87. corroborate: to confirm, verify
  88. cosmetic: relating to beauty; affecting the surface of something
  89. cosmopolitan: sophisticated, free from local prejudices
  90. coterie: small group of persons with a similar purpose
  91. coven: group of witches
  92. covert: hidden; secret
  93. covet: to desire strongly something possessed by another
  94. crass: crude, unrefined
  95. craven: cowardly
  96. credence: acceptance of something as true or real
  97. credulous: gullible, trusting
  98. creed: statement of belief or principle
  99. cryptic: puzzling
  100. cuisine: characteristic style of cooking
  101. culmination: climax, final stage
  102. culpable: guilty, responsible for wrong
  103. cupidity: greed
  104. curmudgeon: cranky person
  105. cursory: hastily done, superficial
  106. curt: abrupt, blunt
  107. curtail: to shorten
  108. cynic: person who distrusts the motives of others


  1. daunt: to discourage, intimidate
  2. dearth: lack, scarcity, insufficiency
  3. debase: to degrade or lower in quality or stature
  4. debauch: to corrupt, seduce from virtue or duty; indulge
  5. debilitate: to weaken, enfeeble
  6. debunk: to discredit, disprove
  7. deciduous: losing leaves in the fall; short-lived, temporary
  8. decorum: proper behavior, etiquette
  9. decry: to belittle, openly condemn
  10. deface: to mar the appearances of, vandalize
  11. defamatory: slanderous, injurious to the reputation
  12. deferential: respectful and polite in a submissive way
  13. deflation: decrease, depreciation
  14. defunct: no longer existing, dead, extinct
  15. delectable: appetizing, delicious
  16. delegate: to give powers to another
  17. deleterious: harmful, destructive, detrimental
  18. deluge: flood
  19. demagogue: leader, rabble-rouser, usually using appeals to emotion or prejudice
  20. demean: to degrade, humiliate, humble
  21. demographics: data relating to study of human population
  22. demote: to reduce to a lower grade or rank
  23. demur: to express doubts or objections
  24. denigrate: to slur or blacken someone's reputation
  25. deplete: to use up, exhaust
  26. deplore: to express or feel disapproval of; regret strongly
  27. deploy: to spread out strategically over an area
  28. depravity: sinfulness, moral corruption
  29. deprecate: to belittle, disparage
  30. depreciate: to lose value gradually
  31. deride: to mock, ridicule, make fun of
  32. derivative: copied or adapted; not original
  33. desiccate: to dry completely, dehydrate
  34. desist: to stop doing something
  35. despondent: feeling discouraged and dejected
  36. despot: tyrannical ruler
  37. destitute: very poor, poverty-stricken
  38. desultory: at random, rambling, unmethodical
  39. deter: to discourage; prevent from happening
  40. deviate: to stray, wander
  41. devout: deeply religious
  42. dexterous: skilled physically or mentally
  43. dialect: regional style of speaking
  44. diaphanous: allowing light to show through; delicate
  45. diatribe: bitter verbal attack
  46. dictum: authoritative statement; popular saying
  47. didactic: excessively instructive
  48. diffidence: shyness, lack of confidence
  49. diffuse: widely spread out
  50. digress: to turn aside; to stray from the main point
  51. dilapidated: in disrepair, run down, neglected
  52. dilate: to enlarge, swell, extend
  53. dilatory: slow, tending to delay
  54. diplomacy: discretion, tact
  55. dirge: funeral hymn
  56. disarray: clutter, disorder
  57. disburse: to pay out
  58. discern: to perceive something obscure
  59. disconcerting: bewildering, perplexing, slightly disturbing
  60. discordant: harsh-sounding, badly out of tune
  61. discredit: to dishonor or disgrace
  62. discrepancy: difference between
  63. disdain: to regard with scorn and contempt
  64. disgorge: to vomit, discharge violently
  65. disheveled: untidy, disarranged, unkempt
  66. disparage: to belittle, speak disrespectfully about
  67. disparate: dissimilar, different in kind
  68. dispassionate: free from emotion; impartial, unbiased
  69. dispel: to drive out or scatter
  70. dispense: to distribute, administer
  71. disperse: to break up, scatter
  72. dispirit: to dishearten, make dejected
  73. disrepute: disgrace, dishonor
  74. dissemble: to pretend, disguise one's motives
  75. disseminate: to spread far and wide
  76. dissipate: to scatter; to pursue pleasure to excess
  77. dissuade: to persuade someone to alter original intentions
  78. distraught: very worried and distressed
  79. dither: to move or act confusedly or without clear purpose
  80. diurnal: daily
  81. divine: to foretell or know by inspiration
  82. divisive: creating disunity or conflict
  83. docile: tame, willing to be taught
  84. doctrinaire: rigidly devoted to theories
  85. dogmatic: rigidly fixed in opinion, opinionated
  86. doleful: sad, mournful
  87. dormant: at rest, inactive, in suspended animation
  88. doting: excessively fond, loving to excess
  89. dour: sullen and gloomy; stern and severe
  90. drivel: stupid talk; slobber
  91. droll: amusing in a wry, subtle way
  92. dulcet: pleasant sounding, soothing to the ear
  93. dupe: to deceive, trick; a fool or pawn
  94. duplicity: deception, dishonesty, double-dealing
  95. dyspeptic: suffering from indigestion; gloomy and irritable


  1. ebb: to fade away, recede
  2. ebullient: exhilarated, full of enthusiasm and high spirits
  3. eclectic: selecting from various sources
  4. ecstatic: joyful
  5. edict: law, command, official public order
  6. edifice: building
  7. edify: to instruct morally and spiritually
  8. efface: to erase or make illegible
  9. effervescent: bubbly, lively
  10. effigy: stuffed doll; likeness of a person
  11. effrontery: impudent boldness; audacity
  12. effulgent: brilliantly shining
  13. effusive: expressing emotion without restraint
  14. egocentric: acting as if things are centered around oneself
  15. egregious: conspicuously bad
  16. elation: exhilaration, joy
  17. elegy: mournful poem, usually about the dead
  18. elicit: to draw out, provoke
  19. eloquence: fluent and effective speech
  20. emaciated: skinny, scrawny, gaunt, especially from hunger
  21. emancipate: to set free, liberate
  22. embellish: to ornament; make attractive with decoration or details; add details to a statement
  23. embezzle: to steal money in violation of a trust
  24. eminent: celebrated, distinguished; outstanding, towering
  25. emollient: having soothing qualities, especially for skin
  26. empathy: identification with another's feelings
  27. emulate: to copy, imitate
  28. endemic: belonging to a particular area, inherent
  29. enervate: to weaken, sap strength from
  30. engender: to produce, cause, bring about
  31. enigmatic: puzzling, inexplicable
  32. enjoin: to urge, order, command; forbid or prohibit, as by judicial order
  33. enmity: hostility, antagonism, ill-will
  34. ennui: boredom, lack of interest and energy
  35. enormity: state of being gigantic or terrible
  36. ensconce: to settle comfortably into a place
  37. enthrall: to captivate, enchant, enslave
  38. entreat: to plead, beg
  39. enunciate: to pronounce clearly
  40. ephemeral: momentary, transient, fleeting
  41. epicure: person with refined taste in food and wine
  42. epigram: short, witty saying or poem
  43. epilogue: concluding section of a literary work
  44. epitome: representative of an entire group; summary
  45. equanimity: calmness, composure
  46. equine: relating to horses
  47. equivocal: ambiguous, open to more than one interpretation
  48. equivocate: to use vague or ambiguous language intentionally
  49. eradicate: to erase or wipe out
  50. errant: straying, mistaken, roving
  51. erudite: learned, scholarly
  52. eschew: to abstain from, avoid
  53. esoteric: understood by only a learned few
  54. espouse: to support or advocate; to marry
  55. estrange: to alienate, keep at a distance
  56. ethereal: not earthly, spiritual, delicate
  57. eulogy: high praise, often in a public speech
  58. euphemism: use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one
  59. euphony: pleasant, harmonious sound
  60. euphoria: feeling of well-being or happiness
  61. evade: to avoid, dodge
  62. evanescent: momentary, transitory, short-lived
  63. evict: to put out or force out
  64. exacerbate: to aggravate, intensify the bad qualities of
  65. exasperation: irritation
  66. excerpt: selection from a book or play
  67. excruciating: agonizing, intensely painful
  68. exculpate: to clear of blame or fault, vindicate
  69. execrable: utterly detestable, abhorrent
  70. exhilaration: state of being energetic or filled with happiness
  71. exhort: to urge or incite by strong appeals
  72. exonerate: to clear of blame, absolve
  73. exorbitant: extravagant, greater than reasonable
  74. expedient: convenient, efficient, practical
  75. expiate: to atone for, make amends for
  76. explicit: clearly defined, specific; forthright in expression
  77. exponent: one who champions or advocates
  78. expound: to elaborate; to expand or increase
  79. expunge: to erase, eliminate completely
  80. expurgate: to censor
  81. extemporaneous: unrehearsed, on the spur of the moment
  82. extenuate: to lessen the seriousness
  83. extol: to praise
  84. extricate: to free from, disentangle
  85. extrinsic: not inherent or essential, coming from without
  86. exuberant: lively, happy, and full of good spirits
  87. exude: to give off, ooze
  88. exult: to rejoice


  1. fabricate: to make or devise; construct
  2. facade: face, front; mask, superficial appearance
  3. facile: very easy
  4. fallacious: wrong, unsound, illogical
  5. fallow: uncultivated, unused
  6. fanaticism: extreme devotion to a cause
  7. farcical: absurd, ludricrous
  8. fastidious: careful with details
  9. fathom: to measure the depth of, gauge
  10. fatuous: stupid; foolishly self-satisfied
  11. fawn: to flatter excessively, seek the favor of
  12. faze: to bother, upset, or disconcert
  13. feckless: ineffective, careless, irresponsible
  14. fecund: fertile, fruitful, productive
  15. feign: to pretend, give a false impression; to invent falsely
  16. felicitous: suitable, appropriate; well-spoken
  17. fell: to chop, cut down
  18. fervid: passionate, intense, zealous
  19. fetid: foul-smelling, putrid
  20. fiasco: disaster, utter failure
  21. fidelity: loyalty
  22. finicky: fussy, difficult to please
  23. flaccid: limp, flabby, weak
  24. flagrant: outrageous, shameless
  25. flamboyant: flashy, garish; exciting, dazzling
  26. flaunt: to show off
  27. flora: plants
  28. florid: gaudy, extremely ornate; ruddy, flushed
  29. flounder: to falter, waver; to muddle, struggle
  30. flout: to treat contemptuously, scorn
  31. fluctuate: to alternate, waver
  32. foible: minor weakness or character flaw
  33. foil: to defeat, frustrate
  34. foment: to arouse or incite
  35. ford: to cross a body of water at a shallow place
  36. foreboding: dark sense of evil to come
  37. forestall: to prevent, delay; anticipate
  38. forethought: anticipation, foresight
  39. forgo: to go without, refrain from
  40. forlorn: dreary, deserted; unhappy; hopeless, despairing
  41. foreswear: to repudiate, renounce, disclaim, reject
  42. forte: strong point, something a person does well
  43. fortuitous: happening by luck, fortunate
  44. foster: to nourish, cultivate, promote
  45. founder: to fall helplessly; sink
  46. fracas: noisy dispute
  47. fractious: unruly, rebellious
  48. fraudulent: deceitful, dishonest, unethical
  49. fraught: full of, accompanied by
  50. frenetic: wildly frantic, frenzied, hectic
  51. fulsome: sickeningly excessive; repulsive
  52. funereal: mournful, appropriate to a funeral
  53. furtive: secret, stealthy


  1. gargantuan: giant, tremendous
  2. garner: to gather and store
  3. garrulous: very talkative
  4. gaunt: thin and bony
  5. genre: type, class, category
  6. germinate: to begin to grow (as with a seed or idea)
  7. gestation: growth process from conception to birth
  8. gibe: to make heckling, taunting remarks
  9. girth: distance around something
  10. glib: fluent in an insincere manner; offhand, casual
  11. gluttony: eating and drinking to excess
  12. goad: to prod or urge
  13. grandiloquence: pompous talk, fancy but meaningless language
  14. grandiose: magnificent and imposing; exaggerated and pretentious
  15. gratis: free, costing nothing
  16. gratuitous: free, voluntary; unnecessary and unjustified
  17. gregarious: outgoing, sociable
  18. grievous: causing grief or sorrow; serious and distressing
  19. grimace: facial expression showing pain or disgust
  20. grovel: to humble oneself in a demeaning way
  21. guile: trickery, deception
  22. gullible: easily deceived
  23. gustatory: relating to sense of taste


  1. habitat: dwelling place
  2. hackneyed: worn out by overuse
  3. hapless: unfortunate, having bad luck
  4. harbinger: precursor, sign of something to come
  5. hardy: robust, vigorous
  6. haughty: arrogant and condescending
  7. hedonism: pursuit of pleasure as a goal
  8. hegemony: leadership, domination, usually by a country
  9. heinous: shocking, wicked, terrible
  10. hemorrhage: heavy bleeding; to bleed heavily
  11. heretical: opposed to an established religious orthodoxy
  12. heterogeneous: composed of unlike parts, different, diverse
  13. hew: to cut with an ax
  14. hiatus: break, interruption, vacation
  15. hoary: very old; whitish or gray from age
  16. homage: public honor and respect
  17. homogeneous: composed of identical parts
  18. hone: to sharpen
  19. husband: to farm; manage carefully and thriftily
  20. hutch: pen or coop for animals; shack, shanty
  21. hygienic: clean, sanitary
  22. hyperbole: purposeful exaggeration for effect
  23. hypochondria: unfounded belief that one is often ill
  24. hypocrite: person claiming beliefs or virtues he or she doesn't really possess
  25. hypothesis: assumption subject to proof


  1. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional beliefs
  2. idealism: pursuit of noble goals
  3. idiosyncrasy: peculiarity of temperament, eccentricity
  4. ignominous: disgraceful and dishonorable
  5. illicit: illegal, improper
  6. illusory: unreal, deceptive
  7. illustrious: famous, renowned
  8. immaculate: spotless; free from error
  9. immerse: to bathe, dip; to engross, preoccupy
  10. immune: exempt; protected from harm or disease; unresponsive to
  11. immutable: unchangeable, invariable
  12. impair: to damage, injure
  13. impasse: blocked path, dilemma with no solution
  14. impassive: showing no emotion
  15. impeach: to charge with misdeeds in public office; accuse
  16. impeccable: flawless, without fault
  17. impecunious: poor, having no money
  18. impediment: barrier, obstacle; speech disorder
  19. imperious: arrogantly self-assured, domineering, overbearing
  20. impertinent: rude
  21. impervious: impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected
  22. impetuous: quick to act without thinking
  23. impious: not devout in religion
  24. implacable: inflexible, incapable of being pleased
  25. implicate: to involve in a crime, incriminate
  26. implicit: implied, not directly expressed
  27. importune: to ask repeatedly, beg
  28. impotent: powerless, ineffective, lacking strength
  29. impoverish: to make poor or bankrupt
  30. imprecation: curse
  31. impregnable: totally safe from attack, able to resist defeat
  32. impudent: arrogant, audacious
  33. impugn: to call into question, attack verbally
  34. inane: foolish, silly, lacking significance
  35. inaugurate: to begin or start officially; to induct into office
  36. incandescent: shining brightly
  37. incarcerate: to put in jail; to confine
  38. incendiary: combustible, flammable, burning easily
  39. incense: to infuriate, enrage
  40. inception: beginning
  41. incessant: continuous, never ceasing
  42. inchoate: imperfectly formed or formulated
  43. incipient: beginning to exist or appear; in an initial stage
  44. incisive: perceptive, penetrating
  45. incognito: in disguise, concealing one's identity
  46. incontrovertible: unquestionable, beyond dispute
  47. incorrigible: incapable of being corrected
  48. incredulous: skeptical, doubtful
  49. inculcate: to teach, impress in the mind
  50. indefatigable: never tired
  51. indelible: permanent, not erasable
  52. indigenous: native, occurring naturally in an area
  53. indigent: very poor
  54. indignant: angry, incensed, offended
  55. indolent: habitually lazy, idle
  56. indomitable: fearless, unconquerable
  57. indubitable: unquestionable
  58. induce: to pursuade; bring about
  59. inept: clumsy, awkward
  60. inert: unable to move, tending to inactivity
  61. inevitable: certain, unavoidable
  62. inexorable: inflexible, unyielding
  63. infamy: reputation for bad deeds
  64. infer: to conclude, deduce
  65. infinitesimal: extremely tiny
  66. infirmity: disease, ailment
  67. ingenious: original, clever, inventive
  68. ingenuous: straightforward, open; naive and unsophisticated
  69. ingrate: ungrateful person
  70. ingratiate: to bring oneself purposely into another'a good graces
  71. inhibit: to hold back, prevent, restrain
  72. inimical: hostile, unfriendly
  73. iniquity: sin, evil act
  74. injunction: command, order
  75. innate: natural, inborn
  76. innocuous: harmless; inoffensive
  77. innovate: to invent, modernize, revolutionize
  78. innuendo: indirect and subtle criticism, insinuation
  79. insatiable: never satisfied
  80. inscrutable: impossible to understand fully
  81. insidious: sly, treacherous, devious
  82. insinuate: to suggest, say indirectly, imply
  83. insipid: bland, lacking flavor; lacking excitement
  84. insolent: insulting and arrogant
  85. instigate: to incite, urge, agitate
  86. insular: isolated, detached
  87. insurgent: rebellious, insubordinate
  88. insurrection: rebellion
  89. integral: central, indispensable
  90. integrity: decency, honesty; wholeness
  91. intemperate: not moderate
  92. inter: to bury
  93. interloper: trespasser; meddler in others' affairs
  94. intermittent: starting and stopping
  95. interrogate: to question formally
  96. intimation: clue, suggestion
  97. intractable: not easily managed
  98. intransigent: uncompromising, refusing to be reconciled
  99. intrepid: fearless
  100. intrinsic: inherent, internal
  101. introspective: contemplating one's own thoughts and feelings
  102. introvert: someone given to self-analysis
  103. inundate: to cover with water; overwhelm
  104. inure: to harden; accustom; beceom used to
  105. invective: verbal abuse
  106. inveterate: confirmed, long-standing, deeply rooted
  107. invidious: envious; obnoxious
  108. invincible: invulnerable, unbeatable
  109. iota: very tiny amount
  110. irascible: easily angered
  111. iridescent: showing many colors
  112. itinerant: wandering from place to place, unsettled
  113. itinerary: route of a traveler's journey


  1. jaded: tired by excess or overuse; slightly cynical
  2. jargon: nonsensical talk; specialized language
  3. jettison: to cast off, throw cargo overboard
  4. jingoism: belligerent support of one's country
  5. jocular: jovial, playful, humorous
  6. juncture: point where two things are joined


  1. kernel: innermost, essential part; seed grain, often in a shell
  2. kinetic: relating to motion; characterized by movement
  3. knell: sound of a funeral bell; omen of death or failure
  4. kudos: fame, glory, honor


  1. labyrinth: maze
  2. lachrymose: tearful
  3. lackadaisical: idle, lazy; apathetic, indifferent
  4. laconic: using few words
  5. laggard: dawdler, loafer, lazy person
  6. lament: to deplore, grieve
  7. lampoon: to attack with satire, mock harshly
  8. languid: lacking energy,indifferent, slow
  9. larder: place where fod is stored
  10. largess: generosity; gift
  11. lassitude: lethargy, sluggishness
  12. latent: present but hidden; potential
  13. laudable: deserving of praise
  14. laxity: carelessness
  15. legerdemain: trickery
  16. legible: readable
  17. lenient: easygoing, permissive
  18. lethargy: indifferent inactivity
  19. levitate: to rise in the air or cause to rise
  20. levity: humor, frivolity, gaiety
  21. lexicon: dictionary, list of words
  22. liberal: tolerant, broad-minded; generous, lavish
  23. libertine: one without moral restraint
  24. licentious: immoral; unrestrained by society
  25. limpid: clear, transparent
  26. lionize: to treat as a celebrity
  27. lissome: easily flexed, limber, agile
  28. listless: lacking energy and enthusiasm
  29. literate: able to read and write; well-read and educated
  30. lithe: moving and bending with ease; graceful
  31. livid: discolored from a bruise; reddened with anger
  32. loiter: to stand around idly
  33. loquacious: talkative
  34. lucid: clear and easily understood
  35. ludicrous: laughable, ridiculous
  36. lugubrious: sorrowful, mournful; dismal
  37. lumber: to move slowly and awkwardly
  38. luminous: bright, brilliant, glowing
  39. lurid: harshly shocking, sensational; glowing
  40. luxuriance: elegance, lavishness
  41. lyrical: suitable for poetry and song; expressing feeling


  1. maelstrom: whirlpool; turmoil; agitated state of mind
  2. magnanimous: generous, noble in spirit
  3. magnate: powerful or influential person
  4. malady: illness
  5. malapropism: humorous misuse of a word
  6. malcontent: discontented person, one who holds a grudge
  7. malefactor: evil-doer; culprit
  8. malevolent: ill-willed; causing evil or harm to others
  9. malice: animosity, spite, hatred
  10. malinger: to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
  11. mandatory: necessary, required
  12. mannered: artificial or stilted in character
  13. mar: to damage, deface; spoil
  14. maritime: relating to the sea or sailing
  15. martial: warlike, pertaining to the military
  16. martinet: strict disciplinarian, one who rigidly follows rules
  17. martyr: person dying for his or her beliefs
  18. masochist: one who enjoys pain or humiliation
  19. maudlin: overly sentimental
  20. mawkish: sickeningly sentimental
  21. medieval: relating to the Middle Ages (about a.d. 500-1500)
  22. melancholy: sadness, depression
  23. menagerie: various animals kept together for exhibition
  24. mendacious: dishonest
  25. mendicant: beggar
  26. mentor: experienced teacher and wise adviser
  27. mercenary: soldier for hire in foreign countries; motivated by greed
  28. mercurial: quick, shrewd, and unpredictable
  29. meretricious: gaudy, falsely attractive
  30. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
  31. metamorphosis: change, transformation
  32. metaphor: figure of speech comparing two different things
  33. meticulous: extremely careful, fastidious, painstaking
  34. mettle: courageousness; endurance
  35. militate: to operate against, work against
  36. misanthrope: person who hates human beings
  37. misconstrue: to misunderstand, fail to discover
  38. miserliness: extreme stinginess
  39. misnomer: an incorrect name or designation
  40. missive: note or letter
  41. mitigate: to soften, or make milder
  42. mnemonic: relating to memory; designed to assist memory
  43. mollify: to calm or make less severe
  44. molt: to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically
  45. monastic: extremely plain or secluded, as in a monastery
  46. monologue: dramatic speech performed by one actor
  47. montage: composite picture
  48. moot: debatable; purely academic, deprived of practical significance
  49. morbid: gruesome; relating to disease; abnormally gloomy
  50. moribund: dying, decaying
  51. morose: gloomy, sullen, or surly
  52. morsel: small bit of food
  53. mote: small particle, speck
  54. motley: many colored; composed of diverse parts
  55. mottle: to mark with spots
  56. mundane: worldly; commonplace
  57. munificent: generous
  58. mutability: changeability
  59. myriad: immense number; multitude


  1. nadir: lowest point
  2. nascent: starting to develop, coming into existence
  3. nebulous: vague, cloudy
  4. nefarious: vicious, evil
  5. neophyte: novice, beginner
  6. nettle: to irritate
  7. niche: recess in a wall; best position for something
  8. nihilism: belief that existence and all traditional values are meaningless
  9. nocturnal: pertaining to night; active at night
  10. noisome: stinking, putrid
  11. nomadic: moving from place to place
  12. nominal: existing in name only; negligible
  13. notoriety: unfavorable fame
  14. novice: apprentice, beginner
  15. novitiate: state of being a beginner or novice
  16. noxious: harmful, unwholesome
  17. nuance: shade of meaning
  18. nullify: to make legally invalid; to counteract the effect of


  1. obdurate: stubborn
  2. obfuscate: to confuse, obscure
  3. oblique: indirect, evasive; misleading, devious
  4. oblivious: unaware, inattentive
  5. obsequious: overly submissive, brownnosing
  6. obsolete: no longer in use
  7. obstinate: stubborn
  8. obstreperous: troublesome, boisterous, unruly
  9. obviate: to make unnecessary; to anticipate and prevent
  10. occlude: to shut, block
  11. odious: hateful, contemptible
  12. officious: too helpful, meddlesome
  13. ominous: menacing, threatening, indicating misfortune
  14. omniscient: having infinite knowledge, all-seeing
  15. onerous: burdensome
  16. opaque: impervious to light; difficult to understand
  17. opine: to express an opinion
  18. opportune: appropriate, fitting
  19. opprobrious: disgraceful, contemptuous
  20. opulence: wealth
  21. oration: lecture, formal speech
  22. oscillate: to move back and forth
  23. ossify: to turn to bone; to become rigid
  24. ostentatious: showy
  25. ostracism: exclusion, temporary banishment
  26. ouster: expulsion, ejection
  27. overwrought: agitated, overdone


  1. pacify: to restore calm, bring peace
  2. palatial: like a palace, magnificent
  3. palaver: idle talk
  4. pall: covering that darkens or obscures; coffin
  5. pall: to lose strength or interest
  6. palliate: to make less serious, ease
  7. pallid: lacking color or liveliness
  8. palpable: obvious, real, tangible
  9. paltry: pitifully small or worthless
  10. panacea: cure-all
  11. panache: flamboyance, verve
  12. pandemic: spread over a whole area or country
  13. panegyric: elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise
  14. panorama: broad view; comprehensive picture
  15. paradigm: ideal example, model
  16. paradox: contradiction, incongruity; dilemma, puzzle
  17. paragon: model of excellence or perfection
  18. paramount: supreme, dominant, primary
  19. paraphrase: to reword, usually in simpler terms
  20. parasite: person or animal that lives at another's expense
  21. parch: to dry or shrivel
  22. pariah: outcast
  23. parity: equality
  24. parochial: of limited scope or outlook, provincial
  25. parody: humorous imitation
  26. parry: to ward off or deflect
  27. parsimony: stinginess
  28. partisan: strong supporter; biased in favor of
  29. pastiche: piece of literature or music imitating other works
  30. pathos: pity, compassion
  31. patrician: aristocrat
  32. patronize: to condescend to, disparage; to buy from
  33. paucity: scarcity, lack
  34. pauper: very poor person
  35. peccadillo: minor sin or offense
  36. pedagogue: teacher
  37. pedant: uninspired, boring academic
  38. pedestrian: commonplace
  39. peer: contemporary, equal, match
  40. peerless: unequaled
  41. penchant: inclination
  42. penitent: expressing sorrow for sins or offenses, repentant
  43. pensive: thoughtful
  44. penury: extreme poverty
  45. perennial: present throughout the years; persistent
  46. perfidious: faithless, disloyal, untrustworthy
  47. perfunctory: done in a routine way; indifferent
  48. peripatetic: moving from place to place
  49. perjure: to tell a lie under oath
  50. permeable: penetrable
  51. pernicious: very harmful
  52. perpetual: endless, lasting
  53. pertinent: applicable, appropriate
  54. perusal: close examination
  55. pervert: to cause to change in immoral way; to misuse
  56. pestilence: epidemic, plague
  57. petulance: rudeness, peevishness
  58. phalanx: massed group of soldiers, people, or things
  59. philanderer: pursuer of casual love affairs
  60. philanthropy: love of humanity; generosity to worthy causes
  61. philistine: narrow-minded person, someone lacking appreciation for art or culture
  62. phlegmatic: calm in temperament; sluggish
  63. phobia: exaggerated, illogical fear
  64. piety: devoutness
  65. pilfer: to steal
  66. pinnacle: peak, highest point of development
  67. pious: dedicated, devout, extremely religious
  68. pique: fleeting feeling of hurt pride
  69. pithy: profound, substantial; concise, succinct, to the point
  70. placate: to soothe or pacify
  71. placid: calm
  72. plagiarist: one who steals words or ideas
  73. plaintiff: injured person in a lawsuit
  74. platitude: stale, overused expression
  75. plentitude: abundance, plenty
  76. plethora: excess, overabundance
  77. pliant: pliable, yielding
  78. plucky: courageous, spunky
  79. plummet: to fall, plunge
  80. ply: to use diligently; to engage; to join together
  81. poignant: emotionally moving
  82. polemic: controversy, argument; verbal attack
  83. polyglot: speaker of many languages
  84. pontificate: to speak in a pretentious manner
  85. pore: to study closely or meditatively
  86. porous: full of holes, permeable to liquids
  87. portent: omen
  88. posterity: future generations; all of a person's descendants
  89. potable: drinkable
  90. pragmatic: practical; moved by facts rather than abstract ideals
  91. prattle: meaningless, foolish talk
  92. precarious: uncertain
  93. precipice: edge, steep overhang
  94. precipitous: hasty, quickly, with too little caution
  95. preclude: to rule out
  96. precocious: unusually advanced at an early age
  97. precursor: forerunner, predecessor
  98. predilection: preference, liking
  99. preface: introduction to a book; introductory remarks to a speech
  100. premeditate: to consider, plan beforehand
  101. prepossessing: attractive, engaging, appealing
  102. preposterous: absurd, illogical
  103. presage: to foretell, indicate in advance
  104. prescient: having foresight
  105. presumptuous: rude, improperly bold
  106. pretext: excuse, pretended reason
  107. prevalent: widespread
  108. prevaricate: to lie, evade the truth
  109. pristine: untouched, uncorrupted
  110. privation: lack of usual necessities or comforts
  111. probity: honesty, high-mindedness
  112. proclivity: tendency, inclination
  113. procrastinator: one who continually and unjustifiably postpones
  114. prodigal: wasteful, extravagant, lavish
  115. prodigious: vast, enormous, extraordinary
  116. proficient: expert, skilled in a certain subject
  117. profligate: corrupt, degenerate
  118. profuse: lavish, extravagant
  119. progenitor: originator, forefather, ancestor in a direct line
  120. progeny: offspring, children
  121. prognosis: prediction of disease outcome; any prediction
  122. prolific: productive, fertile
  123. prologue: introductory section of a literary work or play
  124. promontory: piece of land or rock higher than its surroundings
  125. promulgate: to make known publicly
  126. propensity: inclination, tendency
  127. propitious: favorable, advantageous
  128. proponent: advocate, defender, supporter
  129. prosaic: relating to prose; dull, commonplace
  130. proscribe: to condemn; to forbid, outlaw
  131. proselytize: to convert to a particular belief or religion
  132. prostrate: lying face downward, lying flat on ground
  133. protagonist: main character in a play or story, hero
  134. protean: readily assuming different forms or characters
  135. protocol: ceremony and manners observed by diplomats
  136. provincial: rustic, unsophisticated, limited in scope
  137. prowess: bravery, skill
  138. proximity: nearness
  139. prude: one who is excessively proper or modest
  140. prudent: careful, cautious
  141. pry: to intrude into; force open
  142. pseudonym: pen name; fictitious or borrowed name
  143. puerile: childish, immature, silly
  144. pugnacious: quarrelsome, eager and ready to fight
  145. pulchritude: beauty
  146. punctilious: careful in observing rules of behavior or ceremony
  147. pungent: strong or sharp in smell or taste
  148. punitive: having to do with punishment
  149. purge: to cleanse or free from impurities


  1. quagmire: marsh; difficult situation
  2. quandary: dilemma, difficulty
  3. quarantine: isolation period, originally 40 days, to prevent spread of disease
  4. quell: to crush or subdue
  5. querulous: inclined to complain, irritable
  6. quibble: to argue about insignificant and irrelevant details
  7. quiescence: inactivity, stillness
  8. quintessence: most typical example; concentrated essence
  9. quixotic: overly idealistic, impractical
  10. quotidian: occurring daily; commonplace


  1. raconteur: witty, skillful storyteller
  2. rail: to scold with bitter or abusive language
  3. ramble: to roam, wander; to babble, digress
  4. ramification: an implication, outgrowth, or consequence
  5. rancor: bitter hatred
  6. rant: to harangue, rave, forcefully scold
  7. rapport: relationship of trust and respect
  8. rapt: deeply absorbed
  9. rarefy: to make thinner, purer, or more refined
  10. rash: careless, hasty, reckless
  11. raucous: harsh sounding; boisterous
  12. ravage: to destroy, devastate
  13. ravenous: extremely hungry
  14. raze: to tear down, demolish
  15. reactionary: marked by extreme conservatism, especially in politics
  16. rebuff: blunt rejection
  17. rebuke: to reprimand, scold
  18. rebut: to refute by evidence or argument
  19. recalcitrant: resisting authority or control
  20. recant: to retract a statement, opinion, etcetera
  21. reclusive: shut off from the world
  22. recondite: relating to obscure learning; known to only a few
  23. recount: to describe facts or events
  24. redress: relief from wrong or injury
  25. redundancy: unnecessary repetition
  26. refract: to deflect sound or light
  27. refuge: escape, shelter
  28. regimen: government rule; systematic plan
  29. rejoinder: response
  30. relinquish: to renounce or surrender something
  31. relish: to enjoy greatly
  32. remuneration: pay or reward for work, trouble, etcetera
  33. renascent: reborn, coming into being again
  34. renegade: traitor, person abandoning a cause
  35. renege: to go back on one's word
  36. renown: fame, widespread acclaim
  37. repast: meal or mealtime
  38. repeal: to revoke or formally withdraw (often a law)
  39. repentant: apologetic, guilty, remorseful
  40. replete: abundantly supplied
  41. repose: relaxation, leisure
  42. reprehensible: blameworthy, disreputable
  43. reproach: to find fault with; blame
  44. reprobate: morally unprincipled person
  45. reprove: to criticize or correct
  46. requite: to return or repay
  47. rescind: to repeal, cancel
  48. residue: remainder, leftover, remnant
  49. resilient: able to recover quickly after illness or bad luck; able to bounce back to shape
  50. resolute: determined; with a clear purpose
  51. respite: interval of relief
  52. resplendent: splendid, brilliant
  53. restive: impatient, uneasy, restless
  54. reticent: not speaking freely; reserved
  55. retort: cutting response
  56. retrospective: review of the past
  57. revelry: boisterous festivity
  58. revere: to worship, regard with awe
  59. revert: to backslide, regress
  60. revile: to criticize with harsh language, verbally abuse
  61. rhetoric: persuasive use of language
  62. ribald: humorous in vulgar way
  63. riddle: to make many holes in; permeate
  64. rife: widespread, prevalent; abundant
  65. risque: bordering on being inappropriate or indecent
  66. robust: strong and healthy; hardy
  67. rostrum: stage for public speaking
  68. rotund: round in shape; fat
  69. rue: to regret
  70. ruminate: to contemplate, reflect upon
  71. rustic: rural


  1. saccharine: excessively sweet or sentimental
  2. sagacious: shrewd
  3. salient: prominent or conspicuous
  4. sallow: sickly yellow in color
  5. salubrious: healthful
  6. salutation: greeting
  7. sanction: permission, support; law; penalty
  8. sanctuary: haven, retreat
  9. sanguine: ruddy; cheerfully optimistic
  10. sardonic: cynical, scornfully mocking
  11. satiate: to satisfy
  12. saunter: to amble; walk in a leisurely manner
  13. savant: learned person
  14. savory: agreeable in taste or smell
  15. scale: to climb to the top of
  16. scintilla: trace amount
  17. scintillate: to sparkle, flash
  18. scoff: to deride, ridicule
  19. score: notation for a musical composition
  20. score: to make a notch or scratch
  21. scrupulous: restrained; honest; careful and precise
  22. scrutiny: careful observation
  23. scurrilous: vulgar, low, indecent
  24. secular: not specifically pertaining to religion
  25. sedentary: inactive, stationary; sluggish
  26. seminal: relating to the beginning or seeds of something
  27. senescent: aging, growing old
  28. sentient: aware, conscious, able to perceive
  29. sequester: to remove or set apart; put into seclusion
  30. seraphic: angelic, pure, sublime
  31. serpentine: serpentlike; twisting, winding
  32. servile: submissive, obedient
  33. shard: piece of broken glass or pottery
  34. shirk: to avoid a task due to laziness or fear
  35. simper: to smirk, smile foolishly
  36. sinecure: well-paying job or office that requires little or no work
  37. singe: to burn slightly, scorch
  38. sinuous: winding; intricate, complex
  39. skeptical: doubtful, questioning
  40. skulk: to move in a stealthy or cautious manner; sneak
  41. slight: to treat as unimportant; insult
  42. sloth: sluggishness, laziness
  43. slough: to discard or shed
  44. slovenly: untidy, messy
  45. sobriety: seriousness
  46. sodden: thoroughly soaked; saturated
  47. sojourn: visit, stay
  48. solace: comfort in distress; consolation
  49. solicitous: concerned, attentive; eager
  50. soliloquy: literary or dramatic speech by one character, not addressed to others
  51. soluble: capable of being solved or dissolved
  52. somber: dark and gloomy; melancholy, dismal
  53. somnolent: drowsy, sleepy; inducing sleep
  54. sonorous: producing a full, rich sound
  55. sophistry: deceptive reasoning or argumentation
  56. sophomoric: immature and overconfident
  57. soporific: sleepy or tending to cause sleep
  58. sordid: filthy; contemptible and corrupt
  59. sovereign: having supreme power
  60. spartan: austere, severe, grave; simple, bare
  61. spontaneous: on the spur of the moment, impulsive
  62. sporadic: infrequent, irregular
  63. spurious: lacking authenticity; counterfeit, false
  64. spurn: to reject or refuse contemptuously; scorn
  65. squalid: filthy; morally repulsive
  66. squander: to waste
  67. staccato: marked by abrupt, clear-cut sounds
  68. staid: self-restrained to the point of dullness
  69. stand: group of trees
  70. stark: bare, empty, vacant
  71. stifle: to smother or suffocate; suppress
  72. stipend: allowance; fixed amount of money paid regularly
  73. stockade: enclosed area forming defensive wall
  74. stoic: indifferent to or unaffected by emotions
  75. stolid: having or showing little emotion
  76. strident: loud, harsh, unpleasantly noisy
  77. stringent: imposing severe, rigorous standards
  78. stupefy: to dull the senses of; stun, astonish
  79. stymie: to block or thwart
  80. suave: smoothly gracious or polite; blandly ingratiating
  81. subjugate: to conquer, subdue; enslave
  82. sublime: awe-inspiring; of high spiritual or moral value
  83. subliminal: subconscious; imperceptible
  84. subterfuge: trick or tactic used to avoid something
  85. subterranean: hidden, secret; underground
  86. subtle: hard to detect or describe; perceptive
  87. subvert: to undermine or corrupt
  88. succinct: terse, brief, concise
  89. succulent: juicy; full of vitality or freshness
  90. suffragist: one who advocates extended voting rights
  91. sullen: brooding, gloomy
  92. sully: to soil, stain, tarnish, taint
  93. supercilious: arrogant, haughty, overbearing, condescending
  94. superficial: hasty; shallow and phony
  95. superfluous: extra, more than necessary
  96. supersede: to take the place of; replace
  97. supplicant: one who asks humbly and earnestly
  98. surfeit: excessive amount
  99. surly: rude and bad-tempered
  100. surmise: to make an educated guess
  101. surmount: to conquer, overcome
  102. surreptitious: characterized by secrecy
  103. susceptible: vulnerable, unprotected
  104. sybarite: person devoted to pleasure and luxury
  105. sycophant: self-serving flatterer, yes-man
  106. syllabus: outline of a course
  107. symbiosis: cooperation, mutual helpfulness
  108. synopsis: plot summary
  109. synthesis: blend, combination


  1. tacid: silently understood or implied
  2. taciturn: uncommunicative, not inclined to speak much
  3. tactile: relating to the sense of touch
  4. taint: to spoil or infect; to stain honor
  5. talon: claw of an animal, especially a bird of prey
  6. tang: sharp flavor or odor
  7. tangential: digressing, diverting
  8. tangible: able to be sensed, perceptible, measurable
  9. tawdry: gaudy, cheat, showy
  10. temperance: restraint, self-control, moderation
  11. tempered: moderated, restrained
  12. tempestuous: stormy, raging, furious
  13. tenable: defensible, reasonable
  14. tenacious: stubborn, holding firm
  15. tenet: belief, doctrine
  16. tenuous: weak, insubstantial
  17. tepid: lukewarm; showing little enthusiasm
  18. terse: concise, brief, free of extra words
  19. testament: statement of belief; will
  20. tether: to bind, tie
  21. theocracy: government by priests representing a god
  22. thesaurus: book of synonyms and antonyms
  23. timorous: timid, shy, full of apprehension
  24. tirade: long, violent speech; verbal assault
  25. toady: flatterer, hanger-on, yesman
  26. tome: book, usually large and academic
  27. torpid: lethargic; unable to move; dormant
  28. torrid: burning hot; passionate
  29. tortuous: having many twists and turns; highly complex
  30. toxin: poison
  31. tractable: obedient, yielding
  32. transcend: to rise above, go beyond
  33. transient: temporary, short-lived, fleeting
  34. transitory: short-lived, existing only briefly
  35. translucent: partially transparent
  36. travesty: parody, exaggerated imitation, caricature
  37. tremulous: trembling, quivering; fearful, timid
  38. trenchant: acute, sharp, incisive; forceful, effective
  39. trepidation: fear and anxiety
  40. trifling: of slight worth, trivial, insignificant
  41. trite: shallow, superficial
  42. troupe: group of actors
  43. truncate: to cut off, shorten by cutting
  44. tryst: agreement between lovers to meet; rendezvous
  45. tundra: treeless plain found in arctic or subarctic regions
  46. turgid: swollen, bloated
  47. turpitude: inherent vileness, foulness, depravity
  48. tyro: beginner, novice


  1. ubiquitous: being everywhere simultaneously
  2. umbrage: offense, resentment
  3. unadulterated: absolutely pure
  4. unanimity: state of total agreement or unity
  5. unconscionable: unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust
  6. unctuous: greasy, oily; smug and falsely earnest
  7. undulating: moving in waves
  8. unequivocal: absolute, certain
  9. uniform: consistent and unchanging; identical
  10. unimpeachable: beyond question
  11. unscrupulous: dishonest
  12. upbraid: to scold sharply
  13. uproarious: loud and forceful
  14. urbane: courteous, refined, suave
  15. usurp: to seize by force
  16. usury: practice of lending money at exorbitant rates
  17. utopia: perfect place


  1. vacillate: to waver, show indecision
  2. vagrant: poor person with no home
  3. vanquish: to conquer, defeat
  4. vapid: tasteless, dull
  5. variegated: varied; marked with different colors
  6. vaunted: boasted about, bragged about
  7. vehement: strong, urgent
  8. vendetta: prolonged feud marked by bitter hostility
  9. venerable: respected because of age
  10. vent: to express, say out loud
  11. veracity: accuracy, truth
  12. verbatim: word for word
  13. verbose: wordy
  14. verity: truthfulness; belief viewed as true and enduring
  15. vermin: small creatures offensive to humans
  16. vernacular: everyday language used by ordinary peoples; specialized language of a profession
  17. vernal: related to spring
  18. versatile: adaptable, all-purpose
  19. vestige: trace, remnant
  20. vex: to irritate, annoy; confuse, puzzle
  21. viable: workable, able to succeed or grow
  22. vicarious: substitute, surrogate; enjoyed through imagined participation in another's experience
  23. vie: to compete, contend
  24. vigilant: attentive, watchful
  25. vilify: to slander, defame
  26. vim: energy, enthusiasm
  27. vindicate: to clear of blame; support a claim
  28. vindictive: spiteful, vengeful, unforgiving
  29. virile: manly, having qualities of an adult male
  30. virtuoso: someone with masterly skill; expert musician
  31. virulent: extremely poisonous; malignant; hateful
  32. viscous: thick, syrupy, and sticky
  33. vitriolic: burning, caustic; sharp, bitter
  34. vituperate: to abuse verbally
  35. vivacious: lively, spirited
  36. vociferous: loud, vocal, and noisy
  37. volition: free choice, free will; act of choosing
  38. voluble: speaking much and easily, talkative; glib
  39. voracious: having a great appetite
  40. vulnerable: defenseless, unprotected; innocent, naive


  1. waive: to refrain from enforcing a rule; to give up a legal right
  2. wan: sickly pale
  3. wanton: undisciplined, unrestrained, reckless
  4. wary: careful, cautious
  5. whet: to sharpen, stimulate
  6. whimsical: playful or fanciful idea
  7. writ: written document, usually in law
  8. wry: amusing, ironic


  1. xenophobia: fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers


  1. yoke: to join together


  1. zealot: someone passionately devoted to a cause
  2. zenith: highest point, summit
  3. zephyr: gentle breeze
  4. zoologist: scientist who studies animals

Dongyon Kang © 2008

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